Avaliação Neuropsicológica em Pacientes com Tumores Cerebrais: revisão sistemática da literatura

Michele Silva Costa, Candice Steffen Holderbaum, Gabriela Peretti Wagner

Resumo


Os tumores cerebrais (TC) são causados pelo crescimento anormal de células. As consequências dos TC podem envolver prejuízos físicos, cognitivos e emocionais. Objetiva-se identificar e descrever os prejuízos cognitivos associados aos TC, através de uma revisão sistemática da literatura. As buscas realizaram-se nas bases de dados internacionais PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, e SCOPUS, incluindo abstracts de artigos publicados de 2006 a 2016. Encontrou-se 501 artigos desses, 31 cumpriram os critérios de inclusão. Os TC, representam 5% das neoplasias, sendo alguns mais agressivos que outros. Apresenta-se como sintomas severos: déficits cognitivos, motores. A avaliação neuropsicológica auxilia na identificação de possíveis alterações cognitivas e no acompanhamento dos efeitos do tratamento, contribuindo para melhor qualidade de vida desses pacientes. Os resultados encontrados indicaram as Escalas Wechsler de Inteligência; Matrizes Progressivas de Raven, Figuras Complexas de Rey, Teste de Retenção Visual de Benton, e Token Test como os mais utilizados, e que evidenciaram como prejuízos os envolvendo a memória, a atenção e funções executivas. A localização mais frequente destes TC eram as regiões frontais e temporais e os gliomas o tipo de tumor mais investigado.


Palavras-chave


Neoplasias encefálicas; Cognição; Testes neuropsicológicos; Neuropsicologia

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18256/2175-5027.2018.v10i2.2676

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Direitos autorais 2018 Michele Silva Costa, Candice Steffen Holderbaum, Gabriela Peretti Wagner

ISSN 2175-5027

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

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