Por Dentro da Caixa Preta da Inovação Social: Proposição de um Modelo Teórico-Explicativo Sobre o seu Processo de Desenvolvimento e Sugestões para Pesquisas Futuras

Rodrigo Luiz Morais da Silva, Andréa Paula Segatto

Resumo


A inovação social vem sendo considerada como uma resposta aos problemas que afligem a sociedade, como a pobreza, a fome e os desafios relacionados aos limites dos recursos ambientais. Embora um considerável número de pesquisas tenha sido realizado, há espaço para contribuições que se dediquem a compreender o que ocorre dentro dessa “caixa preta”, em referência ao termo utilizado por Rosenberg (1982), a fim de melhor esclarecer o processo de inovação social. Nesse sentido, este estudo tem o objetivo de analisar o processo de inovação social e propor um modelo teórico-explicativo. Para tanto, é feita uma revisão das contribuições presentes na literatura sobre modelos utilizados para explicar o processo de inovação social. Uma vez constatada falta de consenso, foi sugerido um modelo teórico-explicativo como principal contribuição deste estudo. O modelo proposto apresenta o processo de inovação social como sendo composto por sete fases: investigação, análise e proposição de soluções, formalização e projeto piloto, manutenção, avaliação, escalabilidade, mudança social sistêmica. Além disso, este estudo chama atenção para o modo coletivo com que a inovação social é desenvolvida, embora os modelos publicados não revelem tal especificidade. A partir da perspectiva processual proposta, novas possibilidades de pesquisas podem ser desenvolvidas na tentativa de melhor compreender a trajetória de projetos de inovação social por meio de um olhar mais específico.


Palavras-chave


Inovação social; problemas sociais; processo; modelo teórico-explicativo.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18256/2237-7956.2020.v10i1.3535

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