A Relação entre Extremismo Político, Ilusão de Conhecimento e Crenças Conspiratórias e seus Impactos nos Eleitores de Três Municípios do Rio Grande do Sul

George dos Reis Alba, Andriele Nahara Muller, Cleiton Arnhold, Alexandre Kieling, Gilmar D'Agostini Oliveira Casalinho

Resumo


As pessoas tipicamente sabem menos sobre política do que pensam. Quando se trata de extremistas, essa autoilusão é ainda maior. Além disso, os extremistas são mais suscetíveis a crenças de que diversos problemas socioeconômicos têm origem em conspirações, dificultando a implementação de estratégias formais de marketing eleitoral e de governo. Uma survey com amostra probabilística de 380 eleitores contendo questões que mensuraram o nível de extremismo e conhecimento sobre determinadas políticas públicas e a crença em teorias conspiratórias foi aplicada em três cidades gaúchas. Encontrou-se uma relação positiva entre posições mais extremas e o nível autodeclarado de conhecimento sobre diversos temas, além de uma associação positiva entre extremismo e crenças conspiratórias. Uma vez que os extremistas são mais convictos de seus conhecimentos, é possível que as pessoas com opiniões equilibradas sejam, constantemente, influenciadas pelas decisões tomadas por aquele grupo, muitas vezes lastradas por crenças improváveis.


Palavras-chave


Extremismo Político; Crenças Conspiratórias; Ilusão de Conhecimento

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18256/2237-7956.2018.v8i2.2534

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